The Barleycorn Inn, Bishop’s Waltham is a 17th century oak beamed building. At one time it was a Brewery and before that a pauper’s house; the paupers lived upstairs and the saloon bar was a pigsty!
Set deep in glorious Hampshire countryside, lies the attractive and historic town of Bishop’s Waltham.
The town has a number of privately owned shops and the Palace grounds are frequently used to hold festivals and other events. The town also has a small museum.
The town’s name comprises three parts ‘walt’ – forest; ‘ham’ – settlement’; and ‘Bishop’s’. It started off as an Anglo-Saxon village, and steadily grew to become one of Hampshire’s largest villages, despite being burnt to the ground by Danes in 1001 AD.
Bishop Henri de Blois, the brother of King Stephen, founded the Palace here in 1136. For centuries it was an important residence of the powerful Winchester Bishops and hosted many Royal visitors.
It was here that Henry V prepared for the Battle of Agincourt and Queen Mary I waited for King Philip to arrive from Spain for their wedding.
Oliver Cromwell had the Palace destroyed in 1644 during the English Civil War, but the ruins can still be explored today.
During the Battle of Trafalgar, the French Admiral Villeneuve was captured. He was taken prisoner and billeted in Bishop’s Waltham before his eventual release in 1806.
A visit to the Museum in the grounds of Bishop’s Waltham Palace will uncover more of the history of Bishop’s Waltham.